Get a Second Life
July 22, 2010
An Effective Complement to the Pap Smear
July 22, 2010
HPV Vaccination Recommendations
July 22, 2010
Resources
July 21, 2010
A Study of Dietary Prudence
November 18, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Debt Collection: Playing Fair
July 21, 2010
Fast Facts: John Plumb Sr.
July 21, 2010
Bearing the Bankruptcy Burden
July 21, 2010 – Teresa McUsic
Debt-Fighting Strategies
July 21, 2010 – Teresa McUsic
What to Watch For
July 20, 2010 – Debra Wood, RN
Web Exclusive: Possible Barriers to Palliative Care
March 10, 2008 – The American Cancer Society
Recommended Resources
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Doctors in Training
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Now That I'm An Adult
March 10, 2008 – Claudia Craemer-Meihsner as told to Eric Ness
For When It Hurts
March 10, 2008 – Joanne Kenen
Cancer Around the World
March 10, 2008 – Jo Cavallo
Making a Difference
March 10, 2008 – Jo Cavallo
The High-Risk Crowd
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Risk Factors: Close to Home
March 10, 2008 – Nicole LeBrasseur, PhD
What's Behind the Screen?
March 10, 2008 – Nicole LeBrasseur, PhD
Long-Distance Lifesavers
March 10, 2008 – Marc Silver
Intimacy Issues
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Protecting Yourself
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Schools Get Schooled on Parents with Cancer
March 10, 2008 – Erik Ness
DES Exposure: Questions and Answers
March 10, 2008 – The American Cancer Society
Are Public Awareness Campaigns Effective?
March 10, 2008 – Lacey Meyer
The New Specialty in Cancer Care
March 10, 2008 – Joanne Kenen
Below the Surface
March 10, 2008 – Nicole LeBrasseur, PhD
Another Deafening Silence
March 10, 2008 – Betty Ferrell, PhD, RN
How Out-of-Towners Stay in the Loop
March 10, 2008 – Marc Silver
Are Minorities Benefiting From Prevention Priority?
March 10, 2008 – Jo Cavallo
Marriage and Cancer?
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On the Defensive
March 10, 2008 – Katy Human
Breast Cancer & Lung Cancer
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When the Ordinary Becomes the Ideal
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Dieting Away Cancer?
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Message from the Publisher
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More Radiation in Less Time
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Letters from Our Readers
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Friend in Need: Chemo Duck
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Journeys Through Cancer: Art of Healing & Hope
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Cancer on $5 a Day (*chemo not included): How Humor Got Me Through the Toughest Journey of My Life
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Exploring the Origin of Childhood Leukemia
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Seventies Musicians Linked by Cancer
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Insurance for Clinical Trial Care a State-by-State Battle
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Get a Second Life
July 22, 2010
An Effective Complement to the Pap Smear
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HPV Vaccination Recommendations
July 22, 2010
A Shot at Prevention
February 04, 2008 – Don Vaughan
Prevention in America
February 04, 2008 – Lovell Jones
Resources
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Reel-Life Cancer
February 04, 2008 – Lacey Meyer
Voices
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Defining Perceptions
February 04, 2008 – Debu Tripathy, MD
A Study of Dietary Prudence
November 18, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Gastronomical Distress
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Debt Collection: Playing Fair
July 21, 2010
Fast Facts: John Plumb Sr.
July 21, 2010
Snippets
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Snippets
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Bearing the Bankruptcy Burden
July 21, 2010 – Teresa McUsic
Debt-Fighting Strategies
July 21, 2010 – Teresa McUsic
What to Watch For
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Here We Go Again
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Snippets
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Shining Light on Detection
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Preparing for the Breast Cancer Paradigm Shift
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Diagnosis: Critical Mass
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Snippets
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The Healing Zone
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Surviving With A Plumb
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Letters
February 04, 2008
Figurative Testimonials
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Relay for (Second) Life
February 04, 2008 – John V. Wood
Shouldering Debt
February 04, 2008 – Teresa McUsic
Heart & Lung Watch
February 04, 2008 – Debra Wood, RN
Web Exclusive: Possible Barriers to Palliative Care
March 10, 2008 – The American Cancer Society
Recommended Resources
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Doctors in Training
March 10, 2008 – Joanne Kenen
Now That I'm An Adult
March 10, 2008 – Claudia Craemer-Meihsner as told to Eric Ness
For When It Hurts
March 10, 2008 – Joanne Kenen
Currently Viewing
Cancer Around the World
March 10, 2008 – Jo Cavallo
The High-Risk Crowd
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Risk Factors: Close to Home
March 10, 2008 – Nicole LeBrasseur, PhD
What's Behind the Screen?
March 10, 2008 – Nicole LeBrasseur, PhD
Long-Distance Lifesavers
March 10, 2008 – Marc Silver
Intimacy Issues
March 10, 2008 – Curtis Pesmen
Protecting Yourself
March 10, 2008 – Katy Human
Schools Get Schooled on Parents with Cancer
March 10, 2008 – Erik Ness
DES Exposure: Questions and Answers
March 10, 2008 – The American Cancer Society
Are Public Awareness Campaigns Effective?
March 10, 2008 – Lacey Meyer
The New Specialty in Cancer Care
March 10, 2008 – Joanne Kenen
Below the Surface
March 10, 2008 – Nicole LeBrasseur, PhD
Another Deafening Silence
March 10, 2008 – Betty Ferrell, PhD, RN
How Out-of-Towners Stay in the Loop
March 10, 2008 – Marc Silver
Are Minorities Benefiting From Prevention Priority?
March 10, 2008 – Jo Cavallo
Marriage and Cancer?
March 10, 2008 – Curtis Pesmen
On the Defensive
March 10, 2008 – Katy Human
Breast Cancer & Lung Cancer
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
When the Ordinary Becomes the Ideal
March 10, 2008 – Linn Kurkjian
Straight Talk
March 10, 2008 – Erik Ness
Dieting Away Cancer?
March 10, 2008 – Lena Huang
Message from the Publisher
March 10, 2008 – Susan McClure
More Radiation in Less Time
March 10, 2008 – Laura Beil
Letters from Our Readers
March 10, 2008
Friend in Need: Chemo Duck
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
www.cancer.gov/bcrisktool
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Breast Cancer Risk May be Overstated in BRCA Carriers
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Q&A: Predicting Breast Cancer Recurrence
March 10, 2008 – Len Lichtenfeld, MD
Journeys Through Cancer: Art of Healing & Hope
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Cancer on $5 a Day (*chemo not included): How Humor Got Me Through the Toughest Journey of My Life
March 10, 2008 – Kathy LaTour
Exploring the Origin of Childhood Leukemia
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
We Can Weekend
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Seventies Musicians Linked by Cancer
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington
Insurance for Clinical Trial Care a State-by-State Battle
March 10, 2008 – Elizabeth Whittington

Cancer Around the World

The current state of cancer incidence and prevention in developing countries.

BY Jo Cavallo
PUBLISHED March 10, 2008

Lack of public education in cancer prevention strategies, fewer state-of-the-art health facilities, and a shortage of health care professionals are all contributing factors in the mounting cancer mortality rates in economically strapped countries.

It is estimated that there were 12 million new cases of cancer worldwide in 2007, with more than half, 6.7 million, occurring in developing countries, according to the American Cancer Society. And of the 7.6 million people who died from the disease, nearly five million of those deaths occurred in developing countries. By 2050, the ACS predicts the number of cancer cases worldwide will grow to a staggering 27 million, making cancer the second leading cause of death in less developed countries, after heart disease.

“Because some of the developing countries are able to control infections, more of the population is living longer and living to the ages in which they are at higher risk for getting cancer,” says Lynn Ries, a health statistician at the National Cancer Institute.

Increases in tobacco use and the number of people who smoke—according to the World Health Organization, there are more than 350 million smokers in China alone—and limited control over cancer-causing infections (hepatitis B virus and Helicobacter pylori bacterium) have led to higher rates of lung, liver, and stomach cancer, respectively, in the developing world.

“More than 80 percent of liver cancer cases occur in developing countries and a lot of that is due to risk associated with hepatitis B and hepatitis C [because] those viruses are more prevalent in some developing countries than they are in developed countries,” says Ries.

Cervical cancer is found in higher numbers in India, China, and Southeast Asia, and about 80 percent of all women who die of the disease live in developing countries. Pap screening, DNA testing for human papillomavirus, and vaccination against HPV are less accessible and unaffordable for many.

A number of national and international health organizations are now coming together to find ways to eliminate some of the barriers that are preventing a reduction in cancer incidence and mortality in poor countries.

The Breast Health Global Initiative, whose members include the American Society of Clinical Oncology and the National Cancer Institute, is devising breast cancer treatment guidelines that can be customized based on a country’s economic and medical resources to improve breast cancer outcomes. The two organizations are also coordinating programs designed to share medical information with health care professionals in developing nations.

At the 2007 Clinton Global Initiative, Merck committed to donate at least three million doses of its HPV vaccine Gardasil over a five-year period to support vaccination programs in low-income nations. Also in 2007, the International Union Against Cancer launched a five-year cancer prevention campaign called “Today’s Children, Tomorrow’s World” to target parents, health care professionals, and policymakers with messages about smoke-free environments, diet, exercise, avoiding sun overexposure, and vaccines to prevent liver and cervical cancers.

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