Web Exclusive: Find a Clinical Trial That's Right for You
July 09, 2009
Web Exclusive: Find a Clinical Trial That's Right for You
July 09, 2009
Web Exclusive: A Q&A with an Extraordinary Healer
June 30, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Web Exclusive: Types of Kidney Cancer
June 25, 2009 – The American Cancer Society
Web Exclusive: Helpful Advice
June 25, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: Developing a Strategy
June 25, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: Searching for New Targets
June 23, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: When Survivors Should Exercise Caution
June 22, 2009 – Lena Huang
Web Exclusive: Fertility Guidelines Not Meeting Needs of Patients
June 22, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: A Peaceful Spirit
June 18, 2009 – Toby Bressler, RN, BSN, OCN
Web Exclusive: The Voice on the Other End of the Phone
June 18, 2009 – Dianne Ericson
Excerpt: Stronger
June 17, 2009 – Natalie Flechsig
Web Exclusive: An Infection Out of Nowhere
June 16, 2009
Web Exclusive: Solving a Medical Mystery
June 16, 2009 – Debu Tripathy, MD
Web Exclusive: Clinical Trials for CUP
June 16, 2009
Childhood Cancer Survivorship Programs
June 16, 2009
Chicken Soup for the Soul: The Cancer Book
June 15, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Improved Care Needed for Patients Receiving Heart-Toxic Drugs
June 15, 2009 – Melissa Weber
Cancer Research Receives Infusion of Federal Funds
June 15, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Resources
June 09, 2009
P.S. A Word About Implants & Some Unanswered Questions
June 09, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
How to Find a Cancer Trainer
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
Smarter Trials for Smarter Drugs
June 09, 2009 – Laura Beil
Sticker Shock
June 09, 2009 – Laura Beil
Resources
June 09, 2009
From Cancer Warrior to Basketball Player
June 09, 2009 – Deirdre Carey
Taking a Closer Look
June 09, 2009 – Karen Patterson
Surgical Strategies
June 09, 2009 – Karen Patterson
Hair Loss Snapshot
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Weighing the Techniques
June 09, 2009 – Charlotte Huff
What About CUP Patients?
June 09, 2009 – Katy Human
Hard Times
June 09, 2009 – Joanne Kenen
Reconstruction Do-Overs
June 09, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Fighting Fatigue
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
Disjointed Custody
June 09, 2009 – Charlotte Huff
No I.D.
June 09, 2009 – Katy Human
ASCO Updates
June 09, 2009 – Staff Reports
Interventions Needed to Get Survivors Moving
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
The Financial Advocate
June 09, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Ovarian Cancer Survivors Course
June 09, 2009
Q & A: Prostate Cancer Screening
June 09, 2009 – Len Lichtenfeld, MD
www.armyofwomen.org
June 09, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
With a Friend Like Will Ferrell...
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Program Keeps Tabs on Childhood Cancer Survivors
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Revisiting the Seasons of Survival
June 09, 2009 – Kenneth D. Miller, MD
Prostate, Brain & Kidney Cancers
June 09, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
A Life Beyond Cancer
June 09, 2009 – Renée La Forest
Good Grilling
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
Medical Devices Face Stricter Regulations
June 09, 2009 – Jo Cavallo
All Is Not Lost
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Letters from Our Readers
June 09, 2009
Message from the Editor
June 09, 2009 – Debu Tripathy, MD
Targeted Therapy: Hope or Hype?
June 09, 2009 – Laura Beil
Conquering Cancer & the Classroom
June 09, 2009 – Scott Williams
Reining in Renal Cancer
June 09, 2009 – Karen Patterson
Web Exclusive: Find a Clinical Trial That's Right for You
July 09, 2009
Web Exclusive: Find a Clinical Trial That's Right for You
July 09, 2009
Web Exclusive: A Q&A with an Extraordinary Healer
June 30, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Web Exclusive: Types of Kidney Cancer
June 25, 2009 – The American Cancer Society
Web Exclusive: Helpful Advice
June 25, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: Developing a Strategy
June 25, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: Searching for New Targets
June 23, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: When Survivors Should Exercise Caution
June 22, 2009 – Lena Huang
Web Exclusive: Fertility Guidelines Not Meeting Needs of Patients
June 22, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
Web Exclusive: A Peaceful Spirit
June 18, 2009 – Toby Bressler, RN, BSN, OCN
Web Exclusive: The Voice on the Other End of the Phone
June 18, 2009 – Dianne Ericson
Excerpt: Stronger
June 17, 2009 – Natalie Flechsig
Web Exclusive: An Infection Out of Nowhere
June 16, 2009
Web Exclusive: Solving a Medical Mystery
June 16, 2009 – Debu Tripathy, MD
Web Exclusive: Clinical Trials for CUP
June 16, 2009
Childhood Cancer Survivorship Programs
June 16, 2009
Chicken Soup for the Soul: The Cancer Book
June 15, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Improved Care Needed for Patients Receiving Heart-Toxic Drugs
June 15, 2009 – Melissa Weber
Cancer Research Receives Infusion of Federal Funds
June 15, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Resources
June 09, 2009
P.S. A Word About Implants & Some Unanswered Questions
June 09, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
How to Find a Cancer Trainer
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
Smarter Trials for Smarter Drugs
June 09, 2009 – Laura Beil
Sticker Shock
June 09, 2009 – Laura Beil
Resources
June 09, 2009
From Cancer Warrior to Basketball Player
June 09, 2009 – Deirdre Carey
Taking a Closer Look
June 09, 2009 – Karen Patterson
Surgical Strategies
June 09, 2009 – Karen Patterson
Hair Loss Snapshot
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Weighing the Techniques
June 09, 2009 – Charlotte Huff
What About CUP Patients?
June 09, 2009 – Katy Human
Hard Times
June 09, 2009 – Joanne Kenen
Reconstruction Do-Overs
June 09, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Fighting Fatigue
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
Disjointed Custody
June 09, 2009 – Charlotte Huff
No I.D.
June 09, 2009 – Katy Human
ASCO Updates
June 09, 2009 – Staff Reports
Interventions Needed to Get Survivors Moving
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
The Financial Advocate
June 09, 2009 – Kathy LaTour
Ovarian Cancer Survivors Course
June 09, 2009
Q & A: Prostate Cancer Screening
June 09, 2009 – Len Lichtenfeld, MD
www.armyofwomen.org
June 09, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
With a Friend Like Will Ferrell...
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Program Keeps Tabs on Childhood Cancer Survivors
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Revisiting the Seasons of Survival
June 09, 2009 – Kenneth D. Miller, MD
Prostate, Brain & Kidney Cancers
June 09, 2009 – Elizabeth Whittington
A Life Beyond Cancer
June 09, 2009 – Renée La Forest
Currently Viewing
Good Grilling
June 09, 2009 – Lena Huang
All Is Not Lost
June 09, 2009 – Lacey Meyer
Letters from Our Readers
June 09, 2009
Message from the Editor
June 09, 2009 – Debu Tripathy, MD
Targeted Therapy: Hope or Hype?
June 09, 2009 – Laura Beil
Conquering Cancer & the Classroom
June 09, 2009 – Scott Williams
Reining in Renal Cancer
June 09, 2009 – Karen Patterson

Good Grilling

How to avoid carcinogens on the barbecue.

BY Lena Huang
PUBLISHED June 09, 2009

Now that summer is here, grills are being fired up for outdoor cooking across the country. Grilling is perceived to be a healthier form of cooking compared with other high-fat methods, such as deep-frying, but studies have shown that some grilled meats contain carcinogens, substances that may cause cancer. However, there are methods for cooking meats that can lessen exposure to these substances.

Results from a nutrition study in Europe, reported in the May issue of The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, support an association between intake of heterocyclic amines (HCAs), a carcinogen found in grilled meat, and colorectal adenoma risk. While colorectal adenomas are benign tumors, they are the starting point of most colon cancers and are used as a marker for colon cancer risk, says Karen Collins, RD, nutrition adviser to the American Institute for Cancer Research. (Studies have linked carcinogens found in grilled meats to higher risk of breast, stomach, and pancreatic cancers, but those links are less clear than with colorectal cancer.)

HCAs form when muscle meats, such as beef, pork, chicken, and fish, are cooked at high temperatures. Amino acids (building blocks of protein) and creatine (a chemical found in muscle) react to high temperatures. Other sources of protein, such as organ meat (liver), eggs, and tofu, have little to no HCA content naturally or when cooked.

Another grilling-related carcinogen is polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), which form when fat drips off the meat into the flame or heating element and smoke generates. The PAHs rise in the smoke and can deposit on the food, says Carol Frankmann, RD, director of clinical nutrition at M.D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston. The chemicals can also be found in the charred, blackened parts of grilled meat.

Currently there are no guidelines concerning the consumption of foods with HCAs or PAHs, and there is no measure of how much of these carcinogens have to be consumed to increase cancer risk.

“The overall advice for cancer survivors is to follow the recommendations for prevention of cancer,” Collins says. “So that would mean, first and foremost, top priorities are weight control, regular physical activity, and a diet with lots of vegetables, fruits, and whole grains, and limited red and processed meats. Then, moving beyond those priorities, I would suggest enjoying grilled vegetables; and for other grilling options, following lower-risk [grilling] methods and choosing poultry and seafood more often than red meat.”

So don’t throw out the grill. Here are some recommendations from Collins and Frankmann on better ways to grill: 

> Most experts agree that grilling vegetables or fruits is safe since HCAs only form on muscle meat. For a substitute, try grilling a veggie burger.

> A simple way to decrease the formation of HCAs is to cook at lower temperatures.

> Raise the grilling surface from the heat source to reduce the temperature and the black char that can form on meat.

> Flip meat frequently when cooking to prevent HCAs from forming. 

> Marinating meats can decrease HCA formation by up to 96 percent, although studies are still under way to determine which ingredients help the most.

> Limit exposure by partially cooking meat a couple of minutes in the microwave before grilling.

> Trim meat or grill with leaner cuts of meat that drip less to reduce exposure to PAHs.

> Spread foil on or under the grill to reduce dripping fat.

Continue the conversation on CURE’s forum. >>
Talk about this article with other patients, caregivers, and advocates in the CURE discussion group.

Related Articles

1
×

Sign In

Not a member? Sign up now!
×

Sign Up

Are you a member? Please Log In