Among the most common gastrointestinal cancers, treatment options vary. However, what is consistent across the different cancer types is the utilization of a multidisciplinary approach to care, which can include a medical oncologist, surgeon, gastroenterologists, radiation oncologists, and more.

Treatment options for colorectal cancer include surgery – including laparoscopic surgery, colostomy, radiofrequency ablation or cryoablation – as well as radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapies.

Similarly, esophageal cancer can be treated with surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy, as well as endoscopic treatments like endoscopic mucosal resection, photodynamic therapy, radiofrequency ablation, laser ablation, argon plasma coagulation, electrocoagulation and esophageal stent.

For pancreatic cancer, the best option may include more than one type of treatment, comprised of surgery, ablation or embolization, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy.

Treatment for stomach cancer is dependent on stage, age, overall health and personal preferences. Typically two or more treatment options – including surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy and radiation – will be used.