Gynecologic cancers are often treatable, especially when found early. Treatment decisions depend on the type of disease and the stage; however, gynecologic cancers are treated using one or more of the following:
- Surgery: a traditional open incision in the abdomen or a minimally-invasive technique, such as laparoscopy or robotic technology.
- Radiation therapy: for cancers that have invaded deeply into the uterine wall, cervix or vagina or have spread to the lymph nodes.
- Chemotherapy: to kill the cancer cells.
- Hormone therapy: may be recommended when considering future fertility.
- Targeted therapy: may be combined with chemotherapy.
In addition, complementary and alternative medicine may aid in long-term effects from a gynecologic cancer diagnosis and its treatments.