Onivyde Shows Promise in Patients with Small Cell Lung Cancer Who Become Resistant to Chemotherapy

Onivyde may offer patients with small cell lung cancer whose disease has progressed after initial chemotherapy a new treatment option, according to updated study results.

Data from the phase 2/3 RESILIENT trial demonstrated that Onivyde (irinotecan liposome injection) shows promising anti-tumor activity in patients with small cell lung cancer who have become resistant to platinum-based chemotherapy in the firstline treatment setting.

The study authors initiated the two-part phase 2/3 open-label, single-arm study to assess liposomal irinotecan in patients with SCLC whose disease progressed after receiving platinum-based chemotherapy in the firstline. Treatment options in the second line setting remain limited but analyzing long-term follow-up data demonstrated that both exploratory doses of liposomal irinotecan were effective and tolerable in patients with SCLC. Patients who were older than 18, had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group status score of 0 or 1 and previously progressed on platinum-based treatments were eligible for the study. RESILIENT was designed around two doses of liposomal irinotecan to see which was ultimately more effective, either an 85 mg/m2 or 70 mg/m2 dose administered every 2 weeks.

In the first part of the study, 30 patients (median age, 61.5 years) received the study drug. Women accounted for more than half (56.7%) of the trial population. Four of the 5 patients from the 85 mg/m2 cohort had dose-limiting toxicities such as diarrhea and abnormal liver function and were considered to not have tolerated the dose.

The remaining patients (n = 25) were immediately enrolled onto the 70 mg/m2 dose arm. One patient achieved a complete response, 10 patients achieved a partial response, 7 had stable disease, 5 developed progressive disease, and 2 patients were considered non-evaluable. The median duration of response in the 70 mg/m2 cohort was 2.99 months and median progression-free survival was 3.98 months (95% CI; 1.45–4.24). Median overall survival reached 8.08 months (95% CI; 5.16–9.82) in this cohort.

Treatment-related adverse effects were consistent with previous safety findings in liposomal irinotecan. However, all patients from both treatment arms have discontinued treatment. Forty percent of the expansion arm experienced one or more grade 3 or higher treatment-related treatment-emergent adverse event (TEAE). The most common grade 3 or higher treatment-related TEAEs were diarrhea (20%), neutropenia (16%), anemia, thrombocytopenia, asthenia, and abdominal sepsis (each 8% of the total patient population).

“Liposomal irinotecan raised no new safety signals in patients with small cell lung cancer and the anti-tumor activity observed was promising, warranting further study,” study author Luis G Paz-Ares, MD, PhD, of the Hospital Universitario 12 De Octubre in Madrid, said in a pre-recorded presentation data.

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