The recent World Health Organization announcement classifying processed meat as a Group 1 carcinogen isn't really news. It's just common sense.
Kevin Berry is an 13-year mantle cell lymphoma survivor, in his third remission. He works on Human Spaceflight programs, is a freelance writer and editor, and supports newly diagnosed patients through his ministry, Taking Vienna. He lives in Central Florida with his wife and adult children.
As someone who fought cancer for 10 years, I credit my survival, in part, to doing a lot of research, putting together disparate, often conflicting information into something I can understand and use. When someone is diagnosed, they of course turn to “Dr. Web” and soon come to a realization. The “popular” sites, including some very reputable ones, seem to parrot the same few statistics and phrases over and over. If you venture onto the “hard core” medical sites, to most mere mortals (I exclude nurses, statisticians and medical transcriptionists from the “mere” category!), there is little hope of understanding the welter of jargon, numbers and multi-syllabic Latin tongue twisters.
One of the things I try to bring to the table, as a tiny payback for the gifts I’ve been given by others in my own fight, is a modest ability to take complicated information and explain in a simpler, more digestible way. So when the stories broke recently about the World Health Organization’s (WHO) proclamation that processed meat was being classified as a Group I carcinogen, I thought I’d be able to do a lot of research, apply my talents, and produce a simple, clear, logical set of words that would be of use to many people.
Except that I don’t have to. WHO beat me to it.
There is an excellent set of questions and answers on WHO's web site
. It explains what the organization considers processed meat, what red meat is and what it think the odds of cancer are based on increased consumption. WHO is also very clear on what you can’t
conclude based on their study.
As I was digging for facts and verifying data, I read the whole article in The Lancet Oncology
. Like all science, it’s not as conclusive as headlines make it sound. WHO did a “meta-analysis,” also called “a study of studies.” Not all of them showed the correlation between processed meat, red meat and cancer. However, many or most of them did show a correlation. As far as how much
risk is added by eating these types of meat, there is some experimental and laboratory data supporting the studies in humans. There are other meta-analyses showing how much eating these meats might increase your risk.
Stepping back a bit, all of this is really old news: WHO is really confirming information it first provided in 2002. It also has a rather grisly list in the Q&A of other, higher-risk cancer threats including tobacco, alcohol and air pollution. None of this should surprise anyone in modern society — cigarettes being referred to as “coffin nails” started in the late 1800s. The link between alcohol and liver cancer is just as well known. Our society clearly understands, at a theoretical level, the link between toxins and cancer. We just aren’t afraid enough of it for our behavior to be modified. Sure, smoking is down, a lot, from the 1950s. Yet, according to the American Cancer Society
, 160,000 people die in this country every year from lung cancer, five times as many as from traffic accidents!
In a post on my Taking Vienna
blog, I write about how I distilled all my research, experience and insight into one set of advice.
Short version: You can reduce your risk of getting cancer a lot by just doing a few smart things and moderating others. Even shorter version: Do more smart stuff and less stupid stuff.
You don’t have to live like a saint, in pristine isolation, eating 100 percent-pure whole grains and thinking only clean thoughts. In fact, an occasional glass of red wine, a beer or a piece of chocolate might actually be good for you. An weekly strip of bacon or a ham sandwich? Probably OK. A steady diet of hot dogs and sausage? Probably not OK. Imbibing raw toxins? Definitely bad idea — unless you’ve already got cancer, in which case we call that a “treatment.” Take some advice from a guy who’s had a LOT of treatments. Do the more smart/less stupid deal. It’s easier, more pleasant, and less fatal.
Besides the other wonderful blogs on Cure Today’s site, I hope you'll visit my Taking Vienna site. I also recommend T.J. and Jen Sharpe’s blog, Patient #1. For cancer patients and caregivers, and melanoma patients in particular, it’s a great resource. I also encourage readers to visit the Be The Match site to learn about registering as a potential stem cell donor.